Fertility Panel for Women
This fertility panel for women contains the main hormones tested (most using the most sensitive liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry) by reproductive endocrinologists to assess the potential for a woman to become pregnant. Tests included are: LH, FSH, Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH), estradiol (LC/MS), progesterone (LC/MS), TSH and testosterone (LC/MS).
It's impossible to say how long it takes to get pregnant because it's different for each woman.
Many factors can affect a couple's chances of conceiving, such as:
- your age
- your general health
- your reproductive health
- how often you have sex
Some women become pregnant quickly, while others take longer. This may be upsetting, but it's normal.
Fertility in Women
Most couples (about 84 out of every 100) will get pregnant within a year if they have regular sex and don't use contraception.
But women become less fertile as they get older. One study found that among couples having regular unprotected sex:
- aged 19 to 26 – 92% will conceive after 1 year and 98% after 2 years
- aged 35 to 39 – 82% will conceive after 1 year and 90% after 2 years
The effect of age on men's fertility is less clear.
If you’re a woman who is 35 years old or younger and have been unable to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse, or after six months if you’re over 35, you and your partner should have a full physical and medical evaluation with a Reproductive Endocrinologist.
Several blood tests are available to determine if you, your partner, or both of you have a problem that is causing infertility.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) helps control a woman’s menstrual cycle and the growth of follicles, which contain eggs, in the ovaries. The FSH test is done on the second or third day of your menstrual cycle, and is used to evaluate egg supply and ovarian function.
In men, FSH regulates the production and transportation of sperm. The test is used to determine sperm count.
Estradiol Test (LC/MS)
Estradiol is an important form of estrogen. An estradiol test is used to measure your ovarian function and to evaluate the quality of your eggs. Like FSH, it is done on the second or third day of your menstrual cycle.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Level
In women, luteinizing hormone (LH) is linked to ovarian hormone production and egg maturation. A luteinizing hormone test performed at the beginning of your cycle may help diagnosis hormonal imbalances, like PCOS. When LH testing is performed midway through your menstrual cycle (day 14 of a 28-day cycle), the level may assist in determining when you’re ovulating.
In men, LH stimulates the hormone testosterone which affects sperm production. An LH test may be useful in evaluating male-factor infertility.
Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH)
AMH has quickly become the ‘gold standard’ in fertility blood tests. Secreted by the small antral follicles in the ovary, AMH is present until a woman reaches menopause. Performing an AMH test gives a physician a good understanding of your ovarian function and egg reserve. Lower AMH levels can predict a lower egg yield and thus, a lower chance of success in patients undergoing IVF.
AMH can be tested at any point in your menstrual cycle, and can also be done if you’re taking oral contraception.
Serum Progesterone (LC/MS)
Progesterone is a female hormone produced by the ovaries during ovulation. It prepares the endometrial lining of the uterus and makes it receptive to fertilized eggs. A serum progesterone test is used to determine if ovulation is occurring.
Since progesterone levels increase towards the end of a woman’s cycle, the test is done during the luteal phase of your menstrual cycle (just before your period starts).
The hormone prolactin is made by the pituitary gland, and causes milk production.
In women, a prolactin test may be performed:
- In the evaluation of infertility.
- To determine why a woman is not ovulating.
- When a woman has symptoms, such as nipple discharge,
Affecting the sexual functioning of both men and women, testosterone is probably the most well-known androgen.
In women, a testosterone test is used in the evaluation of conditions including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
In men, an androgen test is used to find the cause of a low sex drive, the inability to get an erection, or infertility.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Thyroid hormones are critical in pregnancy. If the thyroid is over or underactive, this can affect ovulation regulation and reduce fertility. Many women suffer from thyroid dysfunction; around 25% of women in their lifetime, which is around 4x more women than men. Graves disease is the most common thyroid dysfunction, affecting 1% of the population. These conditions are important in fertility, because thyroid hormones are important in regulating ovulation, preventing miscarriage and aiding foetal brain development.
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Go to the "Find a Location" page to find the closest lab location. No need to make an appointment since walk-ins are welcomed. Once you have identified your closest location, go to step 2.
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A $8 lab processing fee will be added to your total.
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You will receive an order confirmation and instructions email on how to download your lab request.
Print lab request form that you downloaded.
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