Decoding Low MCHC and High MCHC: Understanding CBC Blood Test Results

An MCHC blood test is a crucial part of a complete blood count (CBC) panel, providing valuable insights into an individual's overall health, including their general health. This test specifically measures the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration in red blood cells, which plays a vital role in oxygen transportation throughout the body. The MCH blood test, also known as the hemoglobin test, is typically performed as part of a complete blood count (CBC), which is a routine blood test that measures various components of your blood, such as red blood cell indices, white blood cells, and platelets. This test helps calculate the mean corpuscular hemoglobin value (Hgb), which is the total measure of hemoglobin in the blood and is used to determine the average amount of hemoglobin per red blood cell. In this blog post, we will explore the importance of MCHC levels and how they can indicate various health conditions. An MCH test is one part of a panel of tests called the red blood cell (RBC) indices, which evaluate different characteristics and functions of red blood cells. MCH is a useful measurement for understanding how effectively oxygen is being distributed throughout the body. Changes in MCH or other RBC indices may be a sign of a blood disorder called anemia.

As you read on, you'll learn about low and high MCHC blood test values and their association with anemia and vitamin deficiencies, respectively. We will discuss the potential causes behind these imbalances as well as the symptoms to watch out for. Furthermore, we'll explore how healthcare professionals diagnose abnormalities using CBC tests and what preparations are necessary before undergoing such testing.

Lastly, we will cover treatment options available for individuals with imbalanced MCHC levels, ranging from lifestyle changes to medical interventions, while emphasizing the importance of regular monitoring through periodic testing. By staying informed about your own MCHC blood test results, you can take proactive steps towards maintaining optimal health.

Understanding MCHC Blood Test

The mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) blood test is an important part of the Complete Blood Count (CBC) panel. It finds out how much hemoglobin is normally found in a person's red blood cells. Hemoglobin is responsible for circulating oxygen throughout our bodies, and maintaining healthy levels is crucial for overall health. 

The MCH blood test, short for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, is a component of a conventional complete blood count (CBC). It is the average amount of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin found inside a red blood cell.

What is the MCH Blood Test?

The MCH blood test, also known as Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, is a measurement of the average amount of hemoglobin in your red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The MCH value is typically reported as part of a complete blood count (CBC) and can help diagnose and monitor certain conditions, such as anemia or other blood disorders. A low MCH value may indicate iron deficiency anemia, while a high MCH value may be associated with vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. It's important to note that the MCH value is just one piece of information and should be interpreted in conjunction with other lab results and clinical findings by a healthcare professional. If you have concerns about your MCH levels or any other aspect of your health, it's always best to consult with your doctor for further evaluation and guidance. Normal levels of MCH are between 26 and 33 picograms (pg) of hemoglobin per RBC.

Hemoglobin is a protein that transports oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and returns carbon dioxide to the lungs. MCH concentrations are measured in picograms (pg) of hemoglobin per red blood cell.

The MCH number is significant because it assists doctors in diagnosing various types of anemia, a condition in which your blood contains fewer red blood cells or hemoglobin than normal.

If the MCH level is too high, it may indicate macrocytic anemia, a condition in which the body's red blood cells are larger than normal. A deficiency in folic acid or vitamin B12 could be the cause of this.

If the MCH level is very low, it may indicate microcytic anemia, a condition in which the body's red blood cells are smaller than normal. Iron deficiency anemia or some chronic conditions are frequently to blame.

MCH, on the other hand, is rarely used alone to diagnose these disorders. It's part of a larger set of tests that includes MCV (mean corpuscular volume) and MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) to provide a more complete view of your red blood cell's health.

Components of CBC Panel

A CBC panel typically includes several tests that provide information about your blood, such as:

  • Hemoglobin level - measures the total amount of this essential protein in your blood.
  • Hematocrit - calculates the percentage of red blood cells in relation to plasma volume.
  • Red Blood Cell count (RBC) - determines the number of these oxygen-carrying cells present in your bloodstream.
  • MCHC - evaluates how much hemoglobin each red cell contains on average, expressed as a concentration value.

Importance of Hemoglobin

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which binds oxygen molecules and transports them to tissues while removing carbon dioxide waste products from cellular activities. It also helps remove carbon dioxide waste produced during cellular metabolism. Maintaining optimal levels ensures that all bodily functions receive adequate amounts of life-sustaining oxygen while efficiently eliminating waste products from cellular activities. Imbalances can cause a range of health problems, from mild tiredness to serious problems like organ damage or failure from not getting enough of these essential gases.

Understanding the MCHC blood test is an important part of a comprehensive CBC panel, and it's essential to know the importance of hemoglobin in order to recognize low values that may indicate anemia. Low MCH levels can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia or normochromic anemia. They can result from a variety of factors, such as not getting enough iron or having thalassemia, a genetic disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than it should. Low MCH levels may indicate an underlying health condition and require further testing or treatment. The most prevalent type of anemia can result from a deficiency in iron necessary to produce hemoglobin. While abnormal MCH levels are not necessarily an indication of serious health issues, they can be significant, so it is important to rule them out. Many of the possible causes of abnormal MCH levels require treatment to protect health and well-being, such as anemia or other blood disorders, thyroid disease, and nutritional deficiencies. Different types of anemia can cause low MCH levels, such as microcytic anemia, which occurs when the blood cells are too small and cannot take in as much hemoglobin as they should. This can be due to malnutrition or nutritional deficiencies. Sudden blood loss can also contribute to low MCH levels.

Low MCHC Values and Anemia

Low MCHC values can indicate anemia, a condition where your body lacks enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your tissues. There are several causes for low MCHC levels, including iron deficiency or genetic conditions like thalassemia.

Causes of Low MCHC Values

  • Iron Deficiency: Iron is essential for producing hemoglobin, and inadequate iron intake or absorption can lead to low hemoglobin levels and eventually result in anemia.
  • Thalassemia: This inherited blood disorder affects the production of normal hemoglobin, leading to abnormal red blood cell formation and causing anemia.
  • Blood Loss: Excessive bleeding due to injury or surgery may cause a decrease in red blood cells resulting in lower MCHC values.
  • Hemolytic Anemia: In this type of anemia, the body destroys red blood cells faster than it produces them due to autoimmune diseases or other underlying factors.

Symptoms Associated with Low MCHC Blood Test Results

Low MCHC values can result in symptoms like weakness, fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms occur because your body isn't receiving enough oxygen from your bloodstream. Other common signs include pale skin coloration, cold hands and feet, and abnormal or increased menstrual bleeding. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if you notice these symptoms persistently, as they might indicate an underlying health issue.

Accurate diagnosis of low MCHC levels requires further testing using discounted lab panels available online. By ordering a comprehensive iron panel, you can assess your body's iron status and determine the cause behind your low MCHC values. This information will help guide appropriate treatment options for maintaining optimal health outcomes.

Anemia can be a grave matter, and it is essential to comprehend the origins of high MCHC readings in order to recognize and address it suitably. On the other hand, high MCHC values can also indicate potential health issues that require attention.

The MCHC blood test is a vital part of the CBC panel, which can diagnose various health conditions. Low MCHC values could mean that you have anemia, which can show up as weakness, tiredness, dizziness, and shortness of breath. Hemolytic anemia, thalassemia, or iron deficiency can all be the cause of this. You can get more tests online to get a correct diagnosis and the right treatment. More tests, like discounted lab panels that can be found online, can help find out why MCHC levels are low so that the right treatment can be used to keep health at its best.

High MCHC Values and Vitamin Deficiencies

Certain vitamin deficiencies, specifically vitamin B-12 and low folate, may be the cause of high MCHC values in a blood test. These deficiencies can lead to similar symptoms as those experienced with low levels of MCH. Identifying these imbalances through regular testing helps prevent life-threatening complications from arising due to impaired oxygen-carrying capacity within your red blood cells. High MCH levels can also be a sign of macrocytic anemia because they mean that the red blood cells are bigger than usual and have more hemoglobin in them. Numerous factors, such as a vitamin B12 deficiency, low folate levels, liver disease, and alcoholism, can contribute to this condition. Falsely high MCH levels may also appear in cases of high cholesterol.

Causes of High MCHC Values

  • Vitamin B-12 deficiency: This essential nutrient plays a crucial role in the production of healthy red blood cells. A lack of vitamin B-12 can cause an increase in the size and concentration of hemoglobin within each cell, leading to high MCHC values. Common causes of this deficiency include poor dietary intake, malabsorption issues, or pernicious anemia.
  • Folate deficiency: Folate is another vital nutrient required for proper red blood cell formation. Like low vitamin B-12 levels, low folate levels can cause red blood cells that are bigger than usual and have higher hemoglobin concentrations, which raises MCHC values. Poor diet or absorption problems are common reasons behind folate deficiency.
  • Liver disease: In some cases, liver diseases like cirrhosis or hepatitis might contribute to high MCHC levels due to their impact on the body's ability to produce healthy red blood cells properly.

Symptoms Associated with High MCH Blood Test Levels

If you have high mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MChc) levels due to vitamin deficiencies or other underlying conditions, you may experience various symptoms, such as:

  1. Fatigue and weakness
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Dizziness or lightheadedness
  4. Pale skin color
  5. Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)

To maintain optimal health, it is crucial to monitor your MCHC levels regularly. If your pallor and accelerated pulse suggest possible elevated MCHC levels caused by vitamin deficiencies, you should consult a medical expert for further evaluation and potential treatment options.

You can also take advantage of online resources like, which offers affordable lab tests in most cities across the U.S. without requiring a doctor's visit. By staying proactive about your health and monitoring your body's balance between essential components, you can prevent life-threatening complications from arising due to imbalances in oxygen-carrying capacity within your red blood cells. This form enables patients to ask specific questions about lab tests. One of our partners, the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science, will answer your questions as part of a free service. Please allow 2-3 business days for an email response from one of the volunteers on the Consumer Information Response Team.

High MCHC values can indicate vitamin deficiencies, so it is important to be aware of the symptoms associated with this condition. A CBC test can be employed to further evaluate any abnormalities, offering more insight into one's health.

High MCHC values in a blood test can result from vitamin deficiencies, such as B-12 and folate, as well as specific medical conditions. Signs of inadequate B-12 and folate can include exhaustion, debility, and difficulty breathing. Another possible cause of high MCHC levels is a rare blood disease called polycythemia vera, where the bone marrow produces too many red blood cells. It's important to monitor your MCHC levels regularly and consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment options if necessary.

Diagnosing Abnormalities Using CBC Test

Medical professionals use the complete blood count test, or CBC test, as a crucial diagnostic tool to precisely determine high or low MCHC levels. This comprehensive test provides valuable information about various aspects related to your body's balance between components essential for optimal health outcomes. The best part is that the CBC test typically requires no fasting or special preparation beforehand. Options for at-home complete blood count testing, which includes MCH, are available. At-home test kits include tools and instructions for collecting a blood sample, which you can then mail to a laboratory. After lab technicians analyze your blood sample, your results are shared with you through an online health portal or by email. Results usually take 2 to 3 days after the sample is received.

How the CBC Test Works

The CBC test measures several factors of your blood, including the average size of red blood cells, red blood cell count, white blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit (the proportion of red blood cells in the total volume), and platelet count. By analyzing these different parameters, healthcare providers can detect any abnormalities in your MCHC levels and determine if further investigation is necessary.

  • Red Blood Cell Count: Measures the number of red blood cells present in a given volume of blood.
  • White Blood Cell Count: Evaluates the number of white blood cells responsible for fighting infections and maintaining immunity.
  • Hemoglobin Concentration: This assesses the amount of oxygen-carrying protein within red blood cells; this directly relates to MCHC values as it determines their ability to transport oxygen efficiently throughout our bodies.
  • Hematocrit: Indicates how much space red blood cells occupy within a specific volume; low hematocrit may signal anemia, while high levels could suggest dehydration or other issues affecting overall health status.
  • Platelet Count: Evaluates the number of platelets responsible for blood clotting and healing processes.

Preparing for a CBC Test

As mentioned earlier, no fasting or special preparation is typically required before undergoing a CBC test. However, it's essential to inform your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you're currently taking, as they may affect the results. Additionally, wearing loose-fitting clothing with sleeves that can be easily rolled up will make drawing blood more comfortable during the procedure.

In most cases, you'll receive your CBC test results within 24 hours. If any abnormalities are detected in your MCHC levels or other components of the test, your healthcare provider will discuss further steps and potential treatment options based on their findings.

The CBC test is a reliable and accurate way to diagnose abnormalities in the body; however, it's important to consider potential treatments for imbalanced levels. With lifestyle changes and medical interventions, individuals can maintain healthy MCHC levels and improve their overall health.

The CBC test is a very useful diagnostic tool that doctors use to find problems with MCHC levels and MCH results, such as hereditary spherocytosis. The CBC test assesses multiple blood components, such as red and white cell numbers, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit levels, and platelet count. No fasting or special preparation is required before the procedure, but informing your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you're taking is essential for accurate results.

Treatment Options for Imbalanced MCHC Levels

Fixing imbalances in MCHC levels is important for maintaining your health in general and avoiding problems with how much oxygen red blood cells can carry. Treatment options depend on whether you have high or low MCHC values, with a focus on lifestyle changes and supplementation. In some cases, medical intervention may be required to address imbalances in MCHC levels.

Lifestyle Changes for Maintaining Healthy MCHC Levels

Adjusting dietary habits can have a major effect on one's capacity to sustain healthy MCHC levels. Incorporating foods rich in iron, vitamin B-12, and folate is essential for supporting optimal red blood cell function. Some examples of nutrient-dense foods include:

  • Iron: lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, and tofu
  • Vitamin B-12: eggs, dairy products (milk and cheese), fortified cereals
  • Folate: leafy green vegetables (spinach and kale), citrus fruits (oranges)

Exercise on a regular basis can help enhance blood flow and produce fresh red blood cells.

Medical Interventions for Extreme MCH Blood Test Imbalances

If lifestyle changes are not sufficient to address imbalanced MCHC levels or if an underlying condition requires more targeted treatment approaches, blood transfusions may be necessary in extreme cases. Blood transfusions involve replacing lost or damaged red blood cells with healthy ones from a donor, helping to restore the balance in oxygen-carrying capacity within your red blood cells.

For individuals with genetic conditions like thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, more advanced treatments such as iron chelation therapy and gene-editing therapies may be necessary. These can include iron chelation therapy to remove excess iron from the body or gene-editing therapies that aim to correct genetic mutations responsible for these disorders.

If you suspect that you have imbalanced MCHC levels, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional who can provide personalized recommendations based on your specific needs and medical history.

It is important to be aware of the treatment options available for imbalanced MCHC levels and to seek medical advice when necessary. Regular monitoring of your health through regular testing can help you stay on top of any potential issues with your MCHC levels before they become more serious.

Maintaining healthy MCHC levels is crucial for overall health and preventing complications related to oxygen-carrying capacity within red blood cells. Adding nutrient-dense foods to your diet, working out regularly, and taking supplements can help balance out MCHC levels that are not working right. However, in the worst cases or for people with genetic conditions like thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, medical help may be needed. It is advisable to speak with a medical expert for tailored advice according to your individual requirements and health background.

Monitoring Your Health Through Regular Testing

It is essential to monitor your body's balance between these components through regular testing using discounted lab panels available online. By keeping track of your MCHC levels, you can ensure optimal health outcomes while preventing life-threatening complications from arising due to imbalances in oxygen-carrying capacity within your red blood cells.

The importance of Regular MCHC Monitoring

Maintaining a consistent schedule for monitoring your MCHC levels allows you to identify any abnormalities early on and take appropriate action before they escalate into more severe issues. This proactive approach helps safeguard against potential health risks associated with both high and low MCHC values, such as anemia or vitamin deficiencies. Furthermore, regular testing enables healthcare professionals to assess the effectiveness of treatment plans and make necessary adjustments accordingly.

Online Resources for Affordable Testing

Finding affordable options for routine blood tests has become increasingly accessible thanks to online resources like These platforms offer a wide range of lab tests at competitive prices without requiring a doctor's visit. Some advantages of utilizing these services include:

  • Ease of access: Online lab test providers often have partnerships with numerous labs across the country, making it convenient for individuals living in various locations.
  • Affordability: By cutting out intermediary costs typically associated with traditional medical facilities, online providers can pass those savings onto their customers by offering lower-priced tests.
  • Anonymity: For those who value privacy when it comes to their personal health information, many online platforms provide discreet services that keep patient data confidential throughout the process.
  • Efficiency: Online lab test providers often deliver results directly to the patient via email or through a secure online portal, making it easy for individuals to access and review their data promptly.

Incorporating regular MCHC blood tests into your healthcare routine is an essential step towards maintaining overall wellness. By leveraging online resources like, you can take control of your health by accessing affordable lab tests options that help identify potential imbalances before they escalate into more serious complications.

Regular monitoring of MCHC levels through affordable lab tests available online can help individuals identify any abnormalities early on and take appropriate action before they escalate into more severe issues. Utilizing online resources like offers ease of access, affordability, anonymity, and efficiency for those looking to incorporate regular MCHC blood tests into their healthcare routine.

Frequently Asked Questions MCHC Blood Test

What level of MCHC is concerning?

The reference range that the lab conducting the test provides determines a concerning MCHC level. Generally, an MCHC below 31 g/dL or above 37 g/dL may be considered abnormal and warrant further investigation. However, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized interpretation and advice.

Should I be worried if I have low MCHC?

Low MCHC levels can indicate anemia, specifically hypochromic microcytic anemia. While this might cause concern, it's important to identify the underlying cause through additional testing and consultation with a healthcare provider. Treatment options depend on the root cause and may include dietary changes or medical interventions.

What affects the MCH blood test?

Your MCHC levels can be affected by a number of things, such as not getting enough iron, vitamin B12, or folate, having a chronic disease like kidney disease or cancer, having a genetic condition like thalassemia or sickle cell disease, taking medicines that change the rate at which red blood cells are made or destroyed (like chemotherapy), and the choices you make about your diet and exercise.


It is critical to keep in mind that the MCHC exam should not be employed as a means of diagnosing anemia or vitamin inadequacies. Instead, it should be used in conjunction with other tests, such as the CBC, to accurately diagnose and treat any imbalances found. Regular testing can help you monitor your health over time and detect changes before they become serious issues. Knowing your MCHC levels is essential for understanding how healthy you are, so make sure to get tested regularly.

Take control of your health with and get an affordable MCHC blood test without a doctor's visit today!