Thyroid Tests

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  1. Thyroid Antibody Panel
    $68.92

    These two tests measure antithyroglobulin antibodies and Anti-TPO antibodies that are commonly present in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves disease and other thyroid-related conditions. Antibodies against the protein thyroglobulin can result in the destruction of thyroid cells. TPO antibodies are created when the immune system of a person targets by pure error elements of the thyroid gland or protein, leading to chronic thyroid inflammation, tissue damage, and damage to the thyroid function. Leaving this untreated may cause severe health issues. 

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  2. Hashimoto's Test Panel
    $157.50

    1. TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) Test The TSH test is crucial for diagnosing Hashimoto's disease. It gauges the level of TSH that the pituitary gland produces, which in turn stimulates the thyroid to produce T4 and T3 hormones. Elevated TSH levels can indicate hypothyroidism, commonly associated with Hashimoto's disease 

    2. Thyroid Hormone Tests These tests measure the levels of free T3 (free triiodothyronine) and free T4 (free thyroxine) in the blood. A low level of free T4, along with an elevated TSH level, is a key indicator of Hashimoto's disease 

    3. Thyroid Antibody Tests Most individuals with Hashimoto's disease have thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies in their blood. Testing for these and other thyroid-related antibodies is a significant step in diagnosing the condition 

    4. Thyroglobulin Antibody Test This test screens for antibodies against thyroglobulin, a protein in the thyroid gland. High levels are another marker of Hashimoto's disease

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  3. THYROID Panel (TSH + Free T3 + Free T4)
    $65.10

    This panel includes comprehensive testing of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in addition to free thyroxine (T4) and free triiodothyronine (T3). This thyroid panel offers a lower cost than buying each hormone separately.  If you take biotin, please wait at least 8 hours to get blood drawn. A study found that TSH was suppressed in all subjects after food, so fasting may be suggested although it is not reqired by Quest. Free T4 and Free T4 values did not change significantly after eating.

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  4. Thyroxine-binding Globulin (TBG), Serum
    $118.42

    Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is a globulin that binds thyroid hormones in circulation. It is one of three transport proteins (along with transthyretin and serum albumin) responsible for carrying the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in the bloodstream. Of these three proteins, TBG has the highest affinity for T4 and T3 but is present in the lowest concentration. Despite its low concentration, TBG carries the majority of T4 in the blood plasma.

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  5. THYROID Panel (TSH + Free T3 + Free T4)

    As low as $65.10

    This panel includes comprehensive testing of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in addition to free thyroxine (T4) and free triiodothyronine (T3).

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  6. THYROID Panel - COMPREHENSIVE
    $210.00

    This test panel includes most tests needed to more deeply explore the possibility of hypothyroidism and/or Hashimoto's disease diagnosis. It includes: TSH, Free T3, Free T4, Reverse T3, Thyroglobulin Antibody and Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody (Anti-TPO). If you are taking biotin, please stop it 72 hours before the blood draw since it may interfere with hormone blood tests. A study found that TSH was suppressed in all subjects after food, so fasting may be suggested although it is not reqired by Quest. Free T4 and Free T4 values did not change significantly after eating. NOTE: Reverse T3 is analyzed using a specific technique called liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS). There's a special place in the U.S. where these precise machines needed for LC/MS panels run only on two specific days a week. So, sometimes the clock ticks a bit while we wait for samples to return from their initial collection points. Results may take 7 business days.

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  7. THYROID Stimulating Hormone-TSH
    $18.74

    The thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is produced and secreted by the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid to produce T3 and T4. When TSH is elevated, low thyroid function may be indicated. If TSH is low it is indicative of high thyroid function. A study found that TSH was suppressed in all subjects after food, so fasting may be suggested although it is not reqired by Quest. Free T4 and Free T4 values did not change significantly after eating.

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  8. Free Triiodothyronine T3
    $48.37

    T3 or triiodothyronine is the active form of the thyroid hormone. T3 acts as a metabolic throttle for fueling all of the daily cellular functions. Free T3 is the unbound portion of T3 that is biologically active.

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  9. Free Thyroxine T4
    $41.98

    The thyroid gland produces and secretes T4, otherwise known as thyroxine. Proteins bind to T4 and carry it throughout the bloodstream. Once in the tissues, T4 is released from the proteins and is now free to convert into the more active form called T3. For this reason, many doctors believe that measuring free T4 is a more sensitive test for thyroid hormone production.

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  10. Reverse T3 Lab Test
    $75.88

    The reverse T3 test has to be done at the same time you do the free T3, and you then measure the ratio between the two by dividing the RT3 into the Free T3. The body produces the benign RT3 naturally to rid itself of excess of T4, but in some cases, such as high or low cortisol, RT3 is produced in excess which can clog cell receptors from receiving T3. FT3 is usually twenty or more times higher than RT3. NOTE: Reverse T3 is analyzed using a specific technique called liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS). There's a special place in the U.S. where these precise machines needed for LC/MS panels run only on two specific days a week. So, sometimes the clock ticks a bit while we wait for samples to return from their initial collection points. Results may take 7 business days.

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  11. Thyroglobulin Antibody
    $42.00

    This test measures thyroglobulin antibodies commonly present in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Antibodies against the protein thyroglobulin can result in the destruction of thyroid cells. This destruction can lead to hypothyroidism.

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  12. THYROID Peroxidase Antibody (Anti-TPO)
    $31.50

    The determination of TPO antibody levels is the most sensitive test for detecting autoimmune thyroid disease (eg, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, idiopathic myxedema, and Graves disease) and detectable concentrations of anti-TPO antibodies are observed in most patients with these disorders. The highest TPO antibody levels are observed in patients suffering from Hashimoto thyroiditis. In this disease, the prevalence of TPO antibodies is about 90% of cases, confirming the autoimmune origin of the disease. These autoantibodies also frequently occur (60%–80%) in the course of Graves disease.

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Easy and Convenient Options for Thyroid Test Near Me

Thyroid health is essential for the overall well-being of our body. The thyroid gland, located in the neck, plays a crucial role in regulating hormones that control metabolism, growth, and development. However, thyroid disorders, such as underactive or overactive thyroid, can disrupt the normal functioning of the gland, leading to various health issues. To diagnose and monitor thyroid disorders, healthcare professionals rely on thyroid tests. In this blog, we will delve into the importance of thyroid tests, the different types of tests, how to prepare for them, and where to find thyroid test facilities near you.

Understanding Thyroid Tests

When it comes to thyroid tests, understanding the basics is the first step towards taking charge of your thyroid health. These tests are highly valuable in evaluating thyroid function, diagnosing thyroid disorders, and monitoring treatment effectiveness. By measuring the levels of thyroid hormones and antibodies, healthcare professionals gain insights into the thyroid gland's function and the body's immune system's involvement.

Importance of Thyroid Tests

Thyroid tests hold immense importance when it comes to evaluating thyroid function and diagnosing thyroid disorders. Here are the key reasons why thyroid tests are crucial:

  • Diagnosing thyroid disorders: Thyroid tests help healthcare professionals determine if the thyroid gland is underactive or overactive, which is the primary indicator of thyroid disorders like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
  • Monitoring medication effectiveness: For individuals already on thyroid medication, regular thyroid tests ensure that the medication is effectively managing their condition, and the hormone levels are within the normal range.
  • Assessing the impact of thyroid disorders: Thyroid disorders can have far-reaching effects on the body, impacting weight, heart rate, body temperature, hair loss, and more. Thyroid tests provide healthcare professionals with valuable insights into the disorder's impact on various body functions.
  • Evaluating immune system involvement: Certain thyroid disorders, such as autoimmune thyroid diseases, involve the immune system attacking the thyroid gland. Thyroid tests, including thyroid antibody testing, help identify the immune system's involvement, aiding in the accurate diagnosis of autoimmune thyroid diseases.

What are the Different Types of Thyroid Tests?

Thyroid tests encompass a range of tests that assess thyroid function, hormone levels, and immune system involvement. Here are the different types of thyroid tests:

  • Thyroid function tests: These tests evaluate the hormone levels produced by the thyroid gland. The most common thyroid function tests include the measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) levels in the blood. These tests provide healthcare professionals with insights into the thyroid gland's overall function.
  • Thyroid antibody testing: These tests check for the presence of antibodies that target the thyroid gland, indicating autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease. Two common thyroid antibody tests are thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO antibodies) and thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg antibodies).
  • Thyroglobulin antibody test: This test specifically evaluates the levels of thyroglobulin antibodies, which can help healthcare professionals assess the presence of thyroid cancer or monitor cancer treatment effectiveness.
  • TPO antibody test: The thyroid peroxidase antibody test measures the levels of antibodies that target the thyroid peroxidase enzyme, which plays a crucial role in thyroid hormone production. Elevated levels of TPO antibodies indicate autoimmune thyroid diseases, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease.

Understanding the different types of thyroid tests enables you to have a better grasp of the specific tests healthcare professionals may recommend for your condition. Discussing the test options with your healthcare provider will help determine the most appropriate tests for your situation.

How to Prepare for a Thyroid Test?

Preparing for a thyroid test is important to ensure accurate results. Here are some tips to help you prepare for your thyroid test:

Tips for Preparing for Your Test

  • Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water before the test can make the blood draw process easier, as it helps plump up the veins, making them more visible and accessible.
  • Avoid lotions or oils: On the day of the test, refrain from applying any lotions, oils, or creams to the arm where the blood draw will take place. These substances can interfere with the blood sample, potentially affecting the test results.
  • Relaxation techniques: If you feel nervous or anxious about the blood draw, consider using relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises or meditation to help calm your nerves.
  • Eat a light meal: Having a light meal before the test can help prevent lightheadedness during the blood draw process. However, avoid overeating, as it may interfere with the test results.
  • Plan normal activities: Try to plan normal activities for the day of the test to reduce stress levels. Engaging in activities you enjoy can help distract from any test-related anxiety or nervousness.

By following these preparation tips, you can ensure a smoother testing experience and obtain accurate results.

What to Expect During the Test?

During the test, a healthcare provider will collect a blood sample from the upper arm using an elastic band to make the veins more visible. The process is quick and relatively painless. After the blood draw, the sample is sent for analysis and the results are obtained. The healthcare provider will guide you on the next steps after the test.

Understanding the Results of Thyroid Tests

Interpreting the Results: Once the thyroid blood tests are done, the results are analyzed to determine the levels of specific hormones such as triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). These results help in identifying conditions like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an underactive thyroid gland, or issues with the pituitary gland. Abnormal levels of TSH may indicate an underactive thyroid, whereas high TSH levels may point to an underactive thyroid. Additionally, these tests can also detect other health issues, including heart rate irregularities, kidney diseases, and abnormal body temperature regulation.

How are Thyroid Test Results Interpreted?

Healthcare providers interpret thyroid test results by assessing the levels of thyroid hormones, antibodies, and thyroid-stimulating hormone. This helps diagnose thyroid disorders or diseases. Understanding the context of the test results is crucial for making appropriate treatment decisions. Thyroid test results are interpreted in conjunction with the individual's clinical condition.

What Do Abnormal Results Mean?

Abnormal thyroid test results can signal an underactive or overactive thyroid gland, autoimmune disorders, or even thyroid cancer. These results indicate a need for further evaluation and treatment. They provide valuable insights into the impact of thyroid disorders on the body. Follow-up discussions with your healthcare provider are crucial in cases of abnormal results.

Reasons to Consider a Thyroid Test

Detecting thyroid disorders early is crucial for prompt treatment and management. Assessing thyroid function becomes essential, especially when experiencing symptoms like weight changes, fatigue, or mood swings. Monitoring the effectiveness of thyroid treatment over time helps in adjusting medication for optimal results. Understanding the cause of thyroid-related symptoms can lead to proper management and relief. Additionally, identifying thyroid disorders in high-risk individuals, such as those with a family history of thyroid disease, ensures early intervention and reduces potential complications. Regular blood tests and consultations with healthcare providers are vital for managing thyroid health effectively.

Discussing with Your Thyroid Test Results with Your Doctor

When consulting your doctor about thyroid concerns, it's important to discuss symptoms, family history, and medication. Inquire about the necessity of thyroid tests to accurately assess your condition. Seek guidance on potential treatment options and ask about the implications of the test results. Understanding the test process and potential discomfort can help alleviate any concerns you may have. Your doctor can provide valuable insights into conditions like Hashimoto's thyroiditis, an underactive thyroid, and the role of the pituitary gland in regulating hormone levels. Additionally, they can educate you on the relevance of high TSH levels, thyroid cells, and the impact on kidney function, heart rate, and body temperature.

What is a thyroid peroxidase antibody test?

A thyroid antibody test is a blood test that measures the levels of antibodies in the body that target the thyroid gland. These antibodies can be produced in certain autoimmune conditions, such as Hashimoto's disease and Graves' disease. The test helps in diagnosing and monitoring these conditions and their effects on the thyroid gland.

What is a thyroid test used for?

Thyroid tests are used to aid in diagnosing autoimmune thyroid diseases, determine disease severity and progression, guide treatment decisions, monitor treatment effectiveness, and assess the risk of thyroid disorders in high-risk groups.

What happens during a thyroid antibody test?

During a thyroid antibody test, a blood sample is taken from the arm and analyzed in a laboratory. This test can be performed as part of a thyroid panel. Results are typically available within a few days, and the procedure involves minimal discomfort, like a blood draw.

Why do I need a thyroid antibody test?

A thyroid antibody test is important to check for the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibodies and evaluate the impact of the immune system on the thyroid gland. It helps diagnose autoimmune thyroid diseases accurately, monitor their progression, and guide treatment decisions effectively.

Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?

To prepare for the test, it's important to follow any instructions given by your healthcare provider. Notify them of any medications you are taking, and be prepared for a blood draw if needed. If you have any concerns or questions, don't hesitate to discuss them with your provider. Also, make sure to provide the testing facility with your updated contact details.

What do the results mean?

Understanding the implications of thyroid test results is crucial. Discuss the results with your healthcare provider to interpret them in the context of your overall health. Pay attention to thyroid antibody levels and consider them alongside other thyroid function tests. Seek guidance for any necessary follow-up actions.

How Do I Locate a Thyroid Test Near Me?

Finding a thyroid test facility is easy with these steps: use online directories, inquire at local clinics, seek recommendations from friends or family, verify insurance coverage, and consider the convenience of the location. You can also use DiscountedLabs.com to buy your own thyroid tests without a doctor's visit at a lab near you.