Liver Function Test Panel

Liver Function Panel

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A liver test panel is a blood test that helps doctors check for liver injury, infection, or disease. Liver function panels also can check for side effects in the liver from some medicines. This lab test panel measures the blood levels of total protein, albumin, bilirubin, AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT enzymes. High or low levels may mean that liver damage or disease is present.

Master Your Liver Health: A Guide to Liver Test Panel


A liver panel, also known as a hepatic function panel, is a blood test that helps doctors check for liver injury, infection, or disease. The panel includes multiple measurements that assess the health and function of the liver, such as total protein, albumin, bilirubin, AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT enzymes. This lab test panel measures the blood levels of these components and can be used to help diagnose and monitor liver diseases. It can also check for side effects in the liver from certain medications. The test is conducted with a blood sample taken from a vein in your arm. High or low levels of these components may indicate the presence of liver damage or disease.

Your liver plays a crucial role in maintaining your overall health and well-being. Understanding the function of your liver is essential for diagnosing and monitoring various medical conditions. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of Hepatic Function Panels, exploring their significance and key components. We will discuss the importance of liver health and how these panels help identify liver injuries and diseases. Additionally, we will decode the results of these tests, shedding light on what high or low levels indicate. You'll also find valuable information on how to prepare for the test and factors that may interfere with accurate results. Whether you're a healthcare professional or an individual looking to take control of your health, this guide will equip you with the knowledge you need to understand Hepatic Function Panels. Plus, we'll even show you how to buy an affordable panel on!

An Overview of Hepatic or Liver Test Panel

A hepatic function panel is a blood test that measures the levels of various liver enzymes and proteins to assess the health and function of the liver. There are tests for alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), along with total bilirubin, albumin, and the protein globulin in this panel. Abnormal results on a hepatic function panel can indicate liver disease or dysfunction, such as hepatitis, liver damage, or cirrhosis. It is commonly ordered to monitor liver health, assess medication side effects, or investigate symptoms like jaundice or vomiting. Interpreting the results requires understanding the normal range and considering additional tests if necessary. Making lifestyle changes and interventions can help improve liver function.

The Importance of Liver Health

The liver, an essential organ in our body, plays a crucial role in detoxification, metabolism, and nutrient storage. Maintaining a healthy liver is vital for overall well-being and disease prevention. Various factors, such as diet, alcohol consumption, and medication use, can influence liver health. Regular monitoring of liver function through a Hepatic Function Panel can help detect early signs of liver damage or disease. It is important to take proactive steps to support liver health, such as maintaining a balanced diet and avoiding excessive alcohol intake. Prioritizing liver health ensures the proper functioning of this vital organ.

Key Components of Liver Function Panel

Liver enzymes like AST, ALT, and ALP levels are essential for assessing liver damage or disease. Elevated bilirubin levels may indicate liver dysfunction or blockage, while decreased albumin levels can point towards liver damage or disease. The total protein component of a hepatic function panel helps evaluate liver dysfunction and other health conditions. PT/INR measures blood clotting ability and liver function, while elevated GGT levels can indicate liver damage or disease. These key components, measured in milligrams, of a hepatic function panel provide valuable insights into the health of your liver.

Understanding Total Protein in the Blood

Total protein in the blood is a crucial measurement used to assess liver and kidney function, including liver chemistries. It provides valuable insights into the health of these organs. Low levels of total protein can indicate liver damage or malnutrition, while high levels may be a sign of dehydration or certain medical conditions. Monitoring total protein levels is essential for diagnosing and managing liver disease effectively. Typically, total protein levels are measured alongside other liver function tests to obtain a comprehensive evaluation of liver health. By analyzing total protein levels, healthcare professionals can gain valuable information about an individual's liver function and overall well-being.

Albumin: Role and Relevance

The liver produces albumin, a protein that is essential for maintaining the body's proper fluid balance. It serves as a vital component of the hepatic function panel, helping to evaluate liver function and overall health status. Monitoring albumin levels is particularly important, as low levels may indicate liver damage or disease, such as cirrhosis or hepatitis. Various factors, including malnutrition, kidney disease, and certain medications, can affect albumin levels. By assessing albumin levels, healthcare professionals gain valuable insights into the health of the liver and can take appropriate measures for detection and management of liver diseases.

Bilirubin and its Significance

Bilirubin, a yellow pigment formed from the breakdown of red blood cells, plays a crucial role in liver function. Elevated bilirubin levels can indicate liver disease or dysfunction, making it an important marker for diagnosis and monitoring, such as through a bilirubin test. A comprehensive hepatic function panel includes measurements of both total bilirubin and direct bilirubin to provide a complete picture. Monitoring bilirubin levels can help assess the effectiveness of treatment for various liver conditions, such as jaundice and liver damage. By tracking bilirubin levels, healthcare professionals can better understand the health of the liver and make informed decisions for patient care.

AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT: Vital Enzymes for Liver Function

AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT are vital enzymes used to assess liver health and diagnose liver diseases. AST, or aspartate aminotransferase, measures liver cell damage, while ALT, or alanine aminotransferase, indicates liver damage or disease. ALP, or alkaline phosphatase, evaluates liver and bone health, detecting related conditions. GGT, or gamma-glutamyl transferase, helps assess liver function and diagnose liver diseases and alcohol abuse. These enzymes are released into the bloodstream after acute liver cell damage, making them important indicators of liver health. Monitoring these enzymes through a Hepatic Function Panel aids in evaluating liver health and diagnosing liver disorders. By analyzing the levels of AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT in the bloodstream, healthcare providers can gain valuable insights into the overall health of your liver.

When is a Liver Function Panel Required?

A Hepatic Function Panel is required when there are signs or symptoms of liver disease, as part of routine check-ups, or if there are risk factors. It helps assess liver function, diagnose diseases, monitor treatment effectiveness, and determine overall liver health. A liver function panel may also be ordered if there is a recent exposure to a hepatitis virus or if the patient is taking medication that may cause liver damage. Healthcare providers make decisions based on medical history and symptoms.

Identifying Liver Injury and Disease

The Hepatic Function Panel, also known as the liver function test (LFT) panel, plays a crucial role in identifying liver injury and disease, including liver tests. This panel serves as a comprehensive assessment of liver function, enabling the detection of any damage or dysfunction. It is commonly ordered when patients present symptoms of liver dysfunction or as part of a routine check-up. The panel includes tests for liver enzymes, bilirubin levels, and liver function markers. Abnormal results from these tests may indicate liver damage, hepatitis, cirrhosis, or other liver diseases. Early detection through the Hepatic Function Panel allows for timely treatment, leading to better outcomes.

Monitoring Side Effects of Medicines on Liver

Regular monitoring of liver function is crucial for patients taking medications that may impact liver health. A hepatic function panel can help identify early indications of medication-induced liver damage and provide healthcare professionals with information about medication dosages or alternative treatments. This panel is recommended when starting new medications that have known hepatotoxicity. By monitoring liver function, healthcare providers can take proactive steps to prevent further liver damage and ensure the overall health of the patient's liver. It is important to prioritize the monitoring of liver function in individuals on medication to mitigate potential side effects and maintain the well-being of the liver.

Decoding the Results: What Do High or Low Levels Indicate?

High or low levels of liver enzymes in a hepatic function panel could indicate liver damage, disease, or decreased liver function. Abnormal bilirubin levels may suggest issues with the liver or bile ducts. Consult a healthcare professional for a thorough interpretation of the results.

What is the normal range for liver function tests?

The normal range for liver function tests can vary depending on the specific markers being measured. Generally, a healthy liver will have values within the normal range for markers like ALT, AST, bilirubin, albumin, and alkaline phosphatase. On average, normal ranges are: Alanine transaminase (ALT): 0 to 45 IU/L. Aspartate transaminase (AST): 0 to 35 IU/L. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): 30 to 120 IU/L. Consult with a healthcare professional to interpret your results and determine any further action needed.

Reference ranges for liver test panel


Factors Affecting the Live Test Panel Results

High or low levels of liver enzymes in the hepatic function panel can indicate liver damage or dysfunction. Factors such as medication use or alcohol consumption can affect the test results. Inflammation or infection in the liver, also known as liver inflammation, can cause abnormal levels in the hepatic function panel. Certain medical conditions, like hepatitis or cirrhosis, can also impact the test results. It's important to consider the patient's medical history and lifestyle factors when interpreting the test results.

The Effect of Resistance Exercise on Liver Function Tests

Weight training can increase liver enzymes, specifically liver enzymes such as ALT and AST. These enzymes may show temporary increases after resistance exercise, but it is important to note that these increases are typically within the normal range and not a cause for concern. In fact, regular resistance exercise has been shown to improve liver health and reduce the risk of fatty liver disease. So, incorporating resistance exercise into your fitness routine can have positive effects on both your overall health and the health of your liver.

How Should One Prepare for this Test?

To prepare for a liver test panel, follow specific instructions given by your healthcare provider or the testing facility. Generally, fasting for a certain period of time may be required. Avoid alcohol and certain medications that can affect liver function before the test. Inform your healthcare provider about any supplements or herbal remedies you are taking. Additionally, during the test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

How to Buy an Affordable Liver Test Panel on

If you're looking to buy an affordable liver test panel, is an excellent option to consider. A hepatic function panel is a crucial test for assessing liver health and detecting any potential liver diseases. Regular testing is essential for the early detection and prevention of such conditions. offers cost-effective options for purchasing hepatic function panel tests online, including the option for a blood draw and laboratory analysis. Ordering is easy, with step-by-step instructions provided on their website. The convenience and accessibility of online testing, as well as the quick turnaround for receiving test results, make a convenient choice.


In conclusion, understanding the hepatic function panel is crucial for monitoring and maintaining liver health. This comprehensive test provides valuable insights into the functioning of key components such as total protein, albumin, bilirubin, AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT. By analyzing the results, healthcare professionals can identify liver injury and disease and monitor the side effects of medications on the liver.

It's crucial to remember that certain factors can affect the test results, so a qualified healthcare provider should interpret these results. Factors like resistance exercise and other interfering factors should be taken into consideration.

If you're looking to get an affordable hepatic function panel, visit They offer discounted rates and provide a convenient and reliable way to access this essential test. Prioritize your liver's health and take proactive steps towards maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


  1. Go to the "Find a Location" page to find the closest lab location. No need to make an appointment since walk-ins are welcomed. Once you have identified your closest location, go to step 2.

  2. Go to "Choose a Test" and add your selection (s) in the shopping cart. If you prefer to save money on bundled tests, we have created "Lab Test Panels" that can help you decide what to order.

  3. If you have a discount coupon code, add it to your cart.

  4. A $8 lab processing fee will be added to your total.

  5. Pay using a credit card.

  6. You will receive an order confirmation and instructions email on how to download your lab request.

  7. Print lab request form that you downloaded.

  8. Take that form to the closest location. Get your blood drawn.

  9. You will receive an email when the results are ready for you to download.

    Note: You cannot place an order under someone else's profile. The profile person's name will appear on the lab order form.


    If you have further questions, please email [email protected].

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